Monday, March 14, 2011

Perpetual Motion

Perpetual Machines

Imagine a machine which does not require energy from outside of itself for it to operate and runs forever, a device that generates perpetual motion. With such an invention we would solve all of our energy needs. Nuclear power is in appearance a perpetual energy source, however this is only a resemblance with flaws resulting in nuclear wastes and still the need to extract energy from dense materials like uranium.
People have been trying to solve the riddle of perpetual motion for as long as we can recall. Leonardo da Vinci made drawings of odd machines which look like perpetual devices. These are beautiful drawings; however, these still do not meet the needed criteria for a bonafide perpetual motion device. Richard Feynman developed the Brownian ratchet, a model that extracts thermal energy from its environment. However, this is not the classic perpetual machine as it needs energy from outside itself to function.
The fact is, there is no such thing. The Laws of Thermodynamics are violated by all of our models. Sure, scientists probably are still trying but we will need more knowledge about reality itself to solve this riddle. Whatever this knowledge is it would have to enter into the realm of metaphysics: i.e. the study of the supernatural. This is something mainstream science will not touch.
Another observation addresses the interdependency of all phenomena. Everything in existence relies on the preexistence of something else. Also, any existing thing needs an environment to exist, starting from its beginning. A tree cannot come to be without earth,water, gases, and sunlight. From a seed it grows out of the ground, to process the sunlight with the aid of carbon dioxide. The seed comes from a parent tree, which also comes from still another tree. The tree did not and cannot come out of itself, or better yet create itself without any help. Yes it can reproduce copies of itself with the needed material surrounding it before and during its own existence, but that is all it can really do. This same rule applies to all things. If it is inanimate it needs the preexistence of the material of which it’s made, and it needs an environment to not only contain it, but sustain it, as well. Water must have a certain room temperature for it to remain as water, alter the temperature and you either will yield gas in the form of steam, or fog, or a solid in the form of ice. Now you got an example of the 1st Law of Thermodynamics. The energy from which water is made is changed, but it is not destroyed. It cannot be completely destroyed, or annihilated. To approach this from a philosophical point of view, the fact that it exists means it cannot un-exist. Also, its existence is dependent upon the preexistence of time. This means existence is not reversible. If the thing we are addressing is living, we are going to witness the Law of Biogenesis at work. Attributed to Louis Pasteur, the law states life can only come from life, not from lifeless materials. This is all we really see, the rest is speculation, no matter how convincing the model of abiogenesis.
Edwin Hubble using the Doppler Redshift confirmed that our universe began in time. Hubble’s Law explains how the stars show a redshift thereby demonstrating that our universe is expanding. Imagine a dark colored balloon with white dots expanding; this is commonly known as the Big Bang. Basically since it is expanding it must have at one point started to do so, hence it is a created phenomena. Our universe did not exist forever; it has a beginning. Also, our universe cannot create itself.
Solomon writes in Psalm 102:25-27: Of old thou laid the foundation of the earth: and the heavens the work of thy hands. They shall perish, but you shall endure: yes, all of them shall wax old like a garment; as a vesture shall thou change them, and they shall be changed. But thou [art] the same, and thy years shall have no end. In Psalm 104:2 Solomon writes: He wraps himself in light as a garment; he stretches out the heavens like a tent.
Our world shows the tracings of a beginning. Laws which govern our world point to an inability for perpetual existence as well as auto creation, or spontaneous generation serving as a proper explanation for our reality coming into being. Also, with the impossibility of perpetual motion seen at our level hints to the logical conclusion that the universe, the greatest thing that we can say exists and that did in fact have a beginning, too, cannot generate perpetual activity. It also is not a perpetual machine. Our universe must require something far greater than itself in order to exist at all. Some of us believe this to be God.

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